General Dentistry

Why is Preserving Tooth Structure so Important?

Jan 29 • 3 minute read

Thanks to technology and advances in dentistry, there are a number of ways to replace or restore your natural teeth if needed – dental crowns, implants, veneers – but just because these methods are available doesn’t mean you should abandon good oral hygiene. 

The benefits of preserving tooth structure go beyond cosmetics to impact your overall health. Teeth are part of an intricate network of bones, tissues, and nerves. While they may look basic enough (i.e., hard matter used to grind down food), teeth have a complex structure. Each tooth is comprised of the following components:

  • Gums Gums house the teeth and protect a tooth’s roots and any teeth that have yet to break through.

  • Crown - The top, visible part of a tooth.

  • Enamel - Enamel is the substance that covers and protects all teeth. Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body. Since it doesn’t regenerate, preventing tooth decay is critical to keep the enamel intact.

  • Pulp chamber - The space inside of a tooth that houses the blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue.

  • Root canal - The canal provides a passageway for nerves and blood vessels.

  • Root - The portion of the tooth that’s located in the bone socket.

  • Neck - This area connects the crown and the root.

  • Cementum - A hard connective tissue that covers a tooth’s root.

  • Dentin - A layer of material that lies immediately under the enamel of the tooth. When enamel is worn away from a tooth, the dentin becomes vulnerable to sensitivity.  

  • Alveolar bone - The alveolar bone is the portion of the jaw that encompasses the roots of the teeth.

  • Periodontal ligament - A tooth’s root is connected to its socket by these tissue fibers.

The best possible oral health solution is to preserve as much of your natural tooth structure as possible. In addition to avoiding the time and money associated with extensive dental work, protecting tooth structure helps with bone health, speech, and appearance. 

Maintain Healthy Bone Levels

The longer the natural tooth structure is preserved within the oral cavity, the easier it is for the jaw to maintain a healthy bone level. Natural teeth, held in place by the upper and lower jawbones, essentially work with the alveolar bone. Tooth roots are planted within the alveolar, which reduces bone loss and keeps teeth more stable. When a tooth is replaced with an implant, sometimes the implant does not fill the space completely. Your remaining teeth move to fill the space, which changes the overall positioning of your teeth and can lead to collapse of the bite, known as occlusion. Maintaining a healthy level of bone within the entire jaw reduces the risk of periodontal disease, as disease-causing bacteria can live deep within the alveolar bone and cause further destruction of the teeth. 

Speak and Chew Easier

The natural tooth structure allows for better speech, chewing, and swallowing. Though dental restorations allow patients to live normally, nothing fits into an individual’s jaw like a natural tooth. Chewing and swallowing food tend to be more comfortable when teeth are natural. Additionally, natural teeth absorb buffers in food and saliva, such as calcium and fluoride ions, which helps to prevent cavities. Patients who preserve their natural tooth structure also maintain a normal biting force. This means they won’t have any diet restrictions; whereas, certain prostheses may not be able to withstand specific foods. 

Preserve Natural Enamel

Beyond helping to maintain jaw structure, nothing beats the look and luster of real tooth enamel. Though restoration materials can closely mimic the appearance of a natural tooth, natural tooth preservation should be your first choice for the best cosmetic and health results.

Contact Our Practice

If you are struggling with a dental issue and want to preserve your natural tooth structure, contact our practice to schedule an appointment. Our team will be happy to help you select the best option for your unique situation. 


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